Uncategorized

Medium-enterprise

The devices that connect to the Medium Enterprise Design Profile network include phones, cameras, displays, laptops, desktops, mobile phones, and personal devices (iPod, MP3, etc). Half of all the devices are expected to connect to the network using 802.11 ABGN wireless access.

Characteristics of Small and Medium Enterprise Innovativeness: Cases of Uzbekistan and China

1 Ahunjonov Umidjon, 2 Hu Shuhua, 3 Bandula Jayathilake, 4 Mu Renyan

Abstract: In this study, we aim at investigating factors significantly affecting innovation behavior of SMEs in developing country context. To realize the research objective, a thorough literature view on SME innovativeness has been realized and initial model for the study has been constructed. Data collected by self-administered questionnaire from SME CEOs and high level managers of Uzbekistan and China sample SMEs has been analyzed by Multivariate Logistic Model to make inference about significant determinants of SME innovativeness. The findings of the study suggest that CEOs with higher education, their innovation goal-oriented determination, and competition pressure from home market and abroad due to high export orientation of the SME and government incentives for innovations are being main forces making SMEs realize innovations. Internally, innovative SMEs are being led by CEOs with higher education degree and who well fits the great importance of innovations in their company strategy. medium enterprises

Introduction

There are several research studies conducted to identify factors exert influence on SME innovativeness (Keizer, 2002; Hoffman, 1998; Radas, 2009 etc.). However, firstly, almost all of such studies measured factors of SME innovativeness in the case of developed economies, mostly concentrating on single country sample or qualitative interviews with managers (Laforet, 2008). Taking a study on antecedents of SME innovativeness in Croatian SME case, Radas (2009) suggests future research needs to be conducted in the example of several countries simultaneously to get generalizable results. Besides, many studies either investigated the impact of limited set of determinants on innovativeness or this issue was examined in the sample of companies other than SMEs. To our knowledge, other than Keizer (2002), who conducted analysis on determinants of innovation efforts in the example of the Netherlands manufacturing firms, which is also a developed country, no one else have focused on possible interactions between different factor variables of SME innovativeness.

Considering the shortcomings of previous researches and also taking suggestions of previous literature on this topic, our study intends to take a holistic look on different factors of SME innovativeness in developing countries and tries to determine significant factors on SME innovativeness, taking into account the existing interaction between critical factors. Following Keizer (2002) we have divided factors into internal and external.

Introduction

There are several research studies conducted to identify factors exert influence on SME innovativeness (Keizer, 2002; Hoffman, 1998; Radas, 2009 etc.). However, firstly, almost all of such studies measured factors of SME innovativeness in the case of developed economies, mostly concentrating on single country sample or qualitative interviews with managers (Laforet, 2008). Taking a study on antecedents of SME innovativeness in Croatian SME case, Radas (2009) suggests future research needs to be conducted in the example of several countries simultaneously to get generalizable results. Besides, many studies either investigated the impact of limited set of determinants on innovativeness or this issue was examined in the sample of companies other than SMEs. To our knowledge, other than Keizer (2002), who conducted analysis on determinants of innovation efforts in the example of the Netherlands manufacturing firms, which is also a developed country, no one else have focused on possible interactions between different factor variables of SME innovativeness.

Considering the shortcomings of previous researches and also taking suggestions of previous literature on this topic, our study intends to take a holistic look on different factors of SME innovativeness in developing countries and tries to determine significant factors on SME innovativeness, taking into account the existing interaction between critical factors. Following Keizer (2002) we have divided factors into internal and external.

Internal Factors Bearing to Firm Innovativeness

2.1.1 Firm Characteristics and Firm Size

2.1.2 Firm Age

Firm age effect to propensity of innovations also yields different empirical results. Researchers such as Hansen (1992) and Huergo (2004) (sample of US and Spanish firms respectively) ascertain that entrant firms tend to present higher probability of innovation while the older firms tend to show lower innovative probabilities. Shefer (2005) speaks about start-ups in high-tech industry which are highly innovative regardless of their newly-born age and small size (in the sample of Israeli manufacturing firms). In Koberg (2003) older age of firms is associated with incremental innovations (in the sample of aerospace, electronics and telecommunication companies which belong to large company category). medium enterprises

2.1.3 Proportion of Qualified Personnel

Mobility

Mobility is an essential part of the enterprise environment. Most users will connect wirelessly to site networks. Additionally, other devices will also rely on the mobile network. In designing the mobility portion of the service fabric, the following design criteria were used:

• Accessibility —Enables enterprise users and guests to be accessible and productive, regardless of whether they are meeting in a conference room, at lunch with colleagues in the site cafeteria, or simply enjoying a breath of fresh air outside a site building. Provide easy, secure guest access to guests such as temporary workers, visiting colleagues, contractors, vendors and other visitors.

• Usability —In addition to extremely high WLAN transmission speeds made possible by the current generation of IEEE 802.11n technology, latency sensitive applications (such as IP telephony and video-conferencing) are supported over the WLAN using appropriately applied QoS. This gives preferential treatment to real-time traffic, helping to ensure that video and audio information arrives on time.

• Security —Segment authorized users and block unauthorized users. Extend the services of the network safely to authorized parties. Enforce security policy compliance on all devices seeking to access network computing resources. Enterprise users enjoy rapid and reliable authentication through IEEE 802.1x and Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP), with all information sent and received on the WLAN being encrypted.

• Manageability —Enterprise network administrators must be able to easily deploy, operate, and manage hundreds of access points within multiple enterprise site deployments. A single, easy to understand WLAN management framework is desired to provide small, medium and large sites within the enterprise with the same level of wireless LAN management scalability, reliability and ease of deployment that is demanded by very large enterprise business customers.

• Reliability —Provide adequate capability to recover from a single-layer fault of a WLAN accessibility component or controller wired link. Ensure that wireless LAN accessibility is maintained for users and visitors in the event of common failures.

Unified Communications

Call Processing Considerations

How calls are processed in the medium enterprise environment is an important design consideration, guidance on designing scalable and resilient call processing systems is essential for deploying a unified communications system. Some of the considerations include the following:

Gateway Design Considerations

Dial Plan Considerations

The dial plan is one of the key elements of an unified communications system, and an integral part of all call processing agents. Generally, the dial plan is responsible for instructing the call processing agent on how to route calls. Specifically, the dial plan performs the following main functions:

Survivability Considerations

Was this Document Helpful?

Authorship:

https://researchleap.com/characteristics-of-small-and-medium-enterprise-innovativeness-cases-of-uzbekistan-and-china/
https://researchleap.com/characteristics-of-small-and-medium-enterprise-innovativeness-cases-of-uzbekistan-and-china/
https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/solutions/Enterprise/Medium_Enterprise_Design_Profile/MEDP/chap1.html

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back To Top